Mariánské Lázně is a spa town in the Carlsbad Region of the Czech Republic. The town is surrounded by green mountains, is an exquisite mosaic of parks and noble houses. Most of its buildings come from the second half of the 19th century, when many celebrities and top European rulers came to enjoy the curative carbon dioxide springs.
Marianske Lazne is an elegant Neo-Classical and Art-Noveau spa town with a wide spectrum of natural therapeutic resources and excellent climatic conditions. The spa area has about 39 therapeutic springs, centered on the Colonnade and surrounded by streets of hotels and pensions.
Although the town is nearly about two hundred years old, it has been inhabited much longer. The first written record dates back to the year 1273. For most of its history it belonged to the nearby Teplá Monastery. The springs had been known since the beginning of the valley's settlement, yet they were first examined (for salt content) in 1528 on the order of the German Emperor and Czech King Ferdinand I.
The name Marienbad (in czech Mariánské Lázně) first appears in 1786, since 1865 it has been a town.
The town soon became one of the top European spas and it was very popular for celebrities and rulers who often visited this place such as Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Frédéric Chopin, Thomas Edison, Anton Bruckner, Gustav Mahler, Johan Straus, Henrik Ibsen, Franz Kafka, Fridrich Nietzsche, Albert Schweitzer, Richard Wagner or English king Edward VII and the Russian Czar Nicholas II. Also Emperor Franz Joseph II returned often to Teplice.
Nowadays about 20,000 visitors came every year. The distance between Prague and Mariánské Lázně is about 165 km.
It remained a popular destination between WWI and WWII. The German population was expelled after WW II. After the communist coup-d'état in 1948 it got sealed from most of its foreign visitors. After the return of democracy in 1989 a lot of effort was put into restoring the town into its original character. Nowadays it's not only a spa town but also a popular holiday resort thanks to the location among Slavkovský les and the Český les and sport facilities (the town's first golf course was opened in 1905 by the British King Edward VII) and the proximity to other famous spa towns, such as Carlsbad (Karlovy Vary) or Franzensbad (Františkovy Lázně).
Marianske Lazne (Marienbad) can be mispelled as Marinbad, Mariebad, Marianke Lazne, Mariaske Lazen.